Broad-leafed Cannabis indica plants in India, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan are traditionally cultivated for the production of charas, a form of hashish. Pharmacologically, C. indica landraces tend to have a higher cannabidiol (CBD) content than C. sativa strains Some commercially available indica strains have been selected for high levels of CBD, with some users reporting more of a “stoned” feeling and less of a “high” from C. indica when compared to C. sativa.NOTE: (the terms sativa and indica, used in this sense, are more appropriately termed”narrow-leaflet drug type and wide-leaflet drug type Cannabis indica (or Cannabis Sativa subsp. indica depending on whether one chooses to accept the monotypic or polytipic point of view in this debate), respectively. The Cannabis indicahigh is often referred to as a “body buzz” and has beneficial properties such as pain relief in addition to being an effective treatment for insomnia and an anxiolytic, as opposed to sativa’s more common reports of a “spacey” and mental inebriation, and even, albeit rarely, comprising hallucinations. Differences in the terpenoid content of the essential oil may account for some of these differences in effect. Common indica strains for recreational or medicinal use include Kush and Northern Lights.
A recent genetic analysis included both the narrow-leaflet and wide-leaflet drug “biotypes” under C. indica, as well as southern and eastern Asian hemp (fiber/seed) landraces and wild Himalayan populations.
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